ILLUSTRATION 232 (Raised Spots).--The
grounding on which these spots are worked consists of double crochet.
They are worked across 3 rows of the ground, and formed of treble
stitches, the spots of one row being placed between those of the
preceding. Work first 2 rows of double stitch, in the 3rd row work
first 2 double stitches and then 1 spot as follows:--1 treble,
inserting the needle into both sides of 1 stitch of the first row (the
preceding row is missed); the treble stitch is only completed so far
that 2 loops remain on the needle; then work 2 treble
stitches in the same stitch as the first, which are also only
completed as far as the first treble stitch, so that after the 2nd
treble there remain 3 loops and after the 3rd 4 loops on the needle
(see illustration). The 4 loops are cast off together by winding the
cotton once more round the needle and drawing it through. Miss under
the spot the next double stitch of the preceding row; the spots are
repeated at intervals of 5 stitches and in every other row.
ILLUSTRATION 233 (Hollow Spots).--The
ground is worked in double crochet (illustration 220). These spots,
which appear raised, consist of 5 treble stitches; they are worked in
every other row at intervals of 5 stitches. For working them leave 1
loop on the needle, insert the needle between the 2 long sides of the
last-worked double stitch, and work 5 treble stitches, always
inserting the needle into the front part of 1 stitch of the preceding
row. The first 4 treble are completed entirely without taking up the
loop which was on the needle; with the fifth treble stitch only the 3
loops are cast off together by winding the cotton round the needle.
Miss 1 stitch of the preceding row under the spot.
ILLUSTRATION 234 (Open-work Spots).--These
spots are treble stitches divided by 2 chain; miss 2 stitches under
the latter; for the rest, they are worked like the raised spots
ILLUSTRATION 235 (Raised Treble
Stitch).--These stitches are long treble worked on a ribbed
ground (illustration 222), and are thrown across 3 rows of the same.
The raised treble are always worked on the
same side of the work and in the long side of the corresponding stitch
of the last row but two. After every row with treble stitch comes a
row in ribbed stitch. At the beginning work 3 rows of ribbed stitch;
the treble stitches begin only in the 4th row.
ILLUSTRATION 236 (Purl Stitch).--These
purl stitches imitate a lace edging perfectly well. Work 1 double,
draw out the loop to a certain length (this forms the purl), take the
needle out of it, insert it in the front part of the last stitch which
has been worked (see illustration), wind the cotton round the needle
and draw it through as a loop; 1 double, 1 purl, and so on.
ILLUSTRATION 237 (Purl Stitch
turned upwards).--Work 1 treble, then 7 chain stitch. Insert the
needle into the 2nd of the 7 chain stitch
downwards, so that the chain stitches form a scallop upwards (see
illustration), wind the cotton round the needle and draw the cotton
through; work 1 chain stitch and 1 treble in the next stitch but 3,
missing 3 stitches under it.
ILLUSTRATION 238 (Purl Stitch
turned downwards).--The chain stitches form a scallop turned
downwards. After having worked the 7 chain stitches take the needle
out of the loop, insert it underneath the upper chain of the 2nd chain
stitch, from right to left, and draw it through the loop in the
direction of the arrow. Wind the cotton round the needle and cast all
the loops off together. It is evident that the purl stitches may be
worked at larger or smaller distances.