Raised Satin Stitch
ILLUSTRATIONS 76 & 77.--Raised satin stitch is principally used for
blossoms, flowers, leaves, letters, &c.c. After having traced the
outlines of the pattern, fill the space left between them with chain
stitches in a direction different from that in which the pattern is to
be embroidered; begin at the point of the leaf, working from right to
left, make short straight stitches, always inserting the needle close
above the outline and drawing it out below. The leaves on the flowers,
as well as on the branches, must be begun from the point, because they
thus acquire a better shape. If you wish to work a leaf divided in the
middle, as seen in illustration 77, you must trace the veining before
you fill it with chain stitches, then begin at one point of the leaf
and work first one half and then the other.
Point de Plume
ILLUSTRATION 78 shows the so-called point de plume on a
scalloped leaf. It is worked like the satin stitch, only the needle is
drawn through the material in a slanting direction.
Point de Minute
ILLUSTRATION 79 (Point de Minute).--This stitch is often
used instead of satin stitch when the patterns must appear raised.
Wind the cotton several times round the point of the needle, which is
inserted into the material half its length (the number of times the
cotton is to be wound round the needle depends on the length of the
pattern), hold fast the windings with the thumb of the left hand, draw
the needle and the cotton through the windings, insert the needle into
the material at the same place, and draw it out at the place where the
next stitch is to begin.
ILLUSTRATIONS 80 & 81 show the ladder stitch, often used
in ornamental embroidery. Trace first the outlines as seen in
illustrations; mark also the cross stitches between the outlines, so
that the first touch the outlines only at both ends. The outlines are
embroidered in overcast stitch or double overcast; the material is cut
away underneath the ladder stitch between the outlines.