WHEELS AND ROSETTES.
Wheels or rosettes are used to fill up
circles, or in combination to form lace. The simplest is--
THE SORRENTO WHEEL.--Nos. 456 and
457.--This is worked by fastening the thread in the pattern to be
filled up by means of the letters. Fasten it first at the place a,
then at the place b, carrying it back to the middle of the
first formed bar by winding it round, fasten the cotton at the place
c, carrying it back again to the centre by winding it round
the bar, and so on; then work over and under the bars thus formed as
in English lace. See illustrations Nos. 456 and 457.
No. 458.--ENGLISH WHEEL.--This is
worked in the same manner as the Sorrento wheel, but instead of
winding the thread over and under the bars, the needle is
inserted under each bar and brought out again between the thread and
the last stitch; this gives a kind of button-hole stitch, and gives
the square, firm appearance possessed by this wheel.
No. 459.--ROSETTE IN POINT
D'ANGLETERRE.--This rosette is worked in a somewhat similar manner to
the wheel above described, the difference being that after each stitch
passed round and under the bars, the thread is passed loosely round in
the reverse direction, as shown in illustration No. 459, before
proceeding to make the next stitch.
No. 460 is a rosette or star which is
used to fill circles of braid, and forms the centre of many modern
point lace patterns. It is worked upon
a pattern traced and pricked in small holes at equal distances. Two
threads are employed, one coarse tracing thread, the other of finer
thread. The coarse thread is laid on thus:--Pass the needle containing
the fine thread, No. 12, through one of the pricked holes, over the
tracing thread and back through the same hole; repeat, following the
traced outline until the whole of the coarse thread is laid over the
outline, then work over in tight button-hole stitch with picots or
purls, as on the Raleigh bars. This mode of laying on tracing or
outlining thread is also applied to fine braid and to point lace cord.
The word Bar is applied to
the various stitches used to connect the various parts of point lace
work, and the beauty of the work depends greatly upon the class of bar
and its suitability to the lace stitches used. The simplest bar is--
No. 461.--THE SORRENTO BAR.--It is
worked from right to left, a straight thread being carried across and
fastened with a stitch. The return row consists of a simple twist
under and over the straight thread; three of these bars are usually
placed close together at equal distances between each group. The
thread is sewn over the braid in passing from one spot to another.
Sorrento bars are also applied as
shown in illustration No. 462.
No. 463.--D ALENCON BARS are worked
upon point de Bruxelles edging, and
are only applied to the inner part of a pattern, never being used as
groundwork bars. The thread is merely passed three times over and
under the point de Bruxelles stitches, the length of these bars being
regulated by the space to be filled; when the third bar is completed a
tight point de Bruxelles stitch is used to fasten off the bar, the
thread is passed through the next point de Bruxelles stitch, and a
second bar begun.